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THE STATE OF BAHIA

Bahia is one of the 26 states of Brazil and is located in the Northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast. It is the 4th-largest Brazilian state by population (after São PauloMinas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro) and It is the 5th-largest by area.

Bahia's capital is the city of Salvador located on a spit of land separating the BAY OF ALL SAINTS from the Atlantic Ocean. Once a monarchial stronghold dominated by agriculturalslaving, and ranching interests, Bahia is now a major manufacturing center of Northeast.

Geography

Bahia is bordered on the East by the Atlantic Ocean, with its BAY OF ALL SAINTS, the largest in Brazil.  In the North, it is bordered (from East to West) by Sergipe, Alagoas, Pernambuco and Piauí States. In the Northwest, it is bordered by Tocantins.
In the Southwest, it borders  Goiás
 State, and in the South it is bordered (from East to West) by Espírito Santo and  Minas Gerais States.

The state with the same size of France, Europe, is crossed from West to East by many Rivers, but the most important is the São Francisco River, which starts in Minas Gerais State and runs through Western Bahia before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean, between Sergipe and Alagoas States.

Regions

Bahia's geographical regions comprise the Atlantic Forest; the maritime region radiating from the Bay of All Saints and the hinterland region of Bahia. The state is crossed from north to south by the Diamantina Tableland (Chapada Diamantina), which divides it into two distinct geographical zones.

To the east, the soil is fertile and the rain falls regularly. The western area is more arid and its vegetation is the Savanna.
The natural aridity was greatly worsened over the 19th century by the cowboys' habit of starting wildfires each year to improve the quality of the grass.

The Chapada Diamantina National Park is home to picturesque plateaus with steep edges which are visited for their natural beauty.

Climate

Tropical. In addition to its considerable size, it has the longest coastline of the country: 1,103 km long (685 miles; north coast: 143; Bay of All Saints: 124; and southern: 418). With 68% of its territory located in the semi-arid zone, the State presents diversified climates and an average rainfall that varies from 363 to 2,000 mm (14.3 to 78.7 in) per year, depending on the region.

Economy

Bahia comprised 4.9% of the economic activity of Brazil and it has the biggest GDP of the states of the North and Northeast. The industrial sector is the largest component of GDP at 48.5%, followed by the service sector at 40.8%. Agriculture represents 20.7% of GDP.
Bahia exports: chemicals 22.4%, fuel 17.5%, metallics minerals 13%, paper 9.4%, cocoa
 6%, vehicles 6.8%, soybean 8,5%.

Bahia is the main producer and exporter of cacao in Brazil. In addition to important agricultural and industrial sectors, the state also has considerable mineral and petroleum deposits. In recent years, soy cultivation has increased substantially in the state. Bahia is the sixth largest economy in the country.

Chemical and petrochemical

Bahia's Petrochemical Pole is the largest integrated complex in the Southern Hemisphere, and is the result of R$10 billion in investments, accounting for a third of the state's exports and for nearly half of the industrial production value.

Mining

Bahia is one of the richest states in minerals in the country, ranking third in Brazilian mineral production. 

The State's main products are: gold, copper concentrate, magnesite, chromite, rock salt, barite, manganese, ornamental rocks, precious stones, talcum, phosphates, uranium  graffiti, niobio and much more!

Automotive

In Bahia, the automotive sector has gained prominence since the creation of the Northeast FORD Complex in Camaçari City, and has become one of the most promising sectors of the Bahian economy. This enterprise, which was developed with the aim of generating 8,500 direct job positions and 85,000 indirect ones since its development.

Nowadays, Bahia produces about 10% of all vehicles produced in Brazil, occupying the third position in the national rankings. The Bahian automotive sector, led by Ford was in 2005 the third largest contributor (14.6%) to the Bahian GDP. It is important to highlight that Bahia had a 4.8% overall increase in its GDP, double the national performance, according to the Superintendency of Economic and Social Studies of Bahia.

Port

With cargo volume that grows year after year following the same economic development rhythm implemented in the State, the Port of Salvador, located on the BAY OF ALL SAINTS,  holds status as the port with the highest movement of containers of the North/Northeast and the second-leading fruit exporter in Brazil. 

The port's facilities operate from 8am to noon and from 1h30am to 5h30pm.The ability to handle high shipping volume has positioned the port of Salvador for new investments in technological modernization, and the port is noted for implementing a high level of operational flexibility and competitive rates. The goal of port officials is to offer the necessary infrastructure for the movement of goods, while simultaneously meeting the needs of international importers and exporters.

Airport

The International Airport of Salvador is located in an area of more than 6 million square meters (1,500 acres) between sand dunes. The road route to the airport has already become one of the city's main scenic attractions. It lies 20 km (12 mi) north of downtown Salvador. It was privatized and delivered to a French group.

Nearly 35,000 people circulate daily through the passenger terminal. The airport generates more than 16,000 direct and indirect jobs, to serve a daily average of over 10,000 passengers, 250 takeoffs and landings of 100 domestic and 16 international flights.

International airlines are: Lufthansa, TAP, United Airlines, American Airlines, Alitália, Air France, Air Europa, Ibéria, Aerolíneas Argentinas, LanChile. In addition to domestic and regional services, the airport has non-stop flights to LisbonMadridFrankfurtMontevideoLondonSantiagoBuenos AiresAsunción and Miami. Its IATA airport code is SSA and it is the sixth busiest airport in the country, the first in northeastern Brazil, behind Congonhas InternationalGuarulhos InternationalJuscelino Kubitschek InternationalSantos Dumont Regional and Galeão International.

Highways:

Green Line Highway

BA- 001, BR-101, BR-116, BR-242, BR-251, BR-324, BR-342, BR-367, BR-407, BR-418, BR-420, BR-445, BR-498.

                       

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